2009 IFA Congress: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Current definitions of ‘Technology’ refer to both the application of machines and devices, as well as to the actual machines and devices themselves. To illustrate the difference with reference to stuttering treatment, examples of the former include information technology and communication technology, and examples of individual devices include altered auditory feedback equipment and instruments used to measure stuttering.

Read more: Elizabeth Harrison: Technology in Stuttering Treatment

Translation

In preparation for the 2018 World Congress the IFA is implementing Japanese translations of some pages on the site. Choosing Japanese below to see these translations.

Not all pages are translated, but you can use Google translate to see a machine translation using the switch below

Google Translate